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german missionaries in south africa

He was married to Anna Wiedermann who passed away on 21 November 1949. Website: www.southafrica.diplo.de. [7], The Tswana Catechist Richard Miles was an early example of an indigenous person fulfilling this role at the Mission Station at Bethanie in the Southern Free State. The themes of his drawings vary from South African landscapes to six drawings of places in the Middle East. Sekoto’s son Gerard Sekoto, born at Botshabelo in 1913, would later emigrate to Europe, obtaining French citizenship and achieving considerable renown as an artist. South Africa. Windisch was born in Germany on 12 April 1870. Visa applications, passports, consular statements, legalisation of documents and more. In time, further stations were started in the colony. [1] Wangemann played a significant role in developing mission work in South Africa and later in China and Tanzania. During the Frontier War of 1846 to 1847, these stations were abandoned and the missionaries sought safety in the neighbouring British colony of Natal. Van der Heyden, U (1); Van Heyden, U (2). BETWEEN WORLDS: German Missionaries and the Transition from Mission to Bantu Education in South AfricaLinda ChisholmWits University Press Mission schools have a mixed reputation in former colonies. He arrived in South Africa during 1894 and passed away in Potchefstroom on 29 August 1944 (Aged 74). The remainder of the images had no inscriptions on them, making it almost impossible to identify the missionary that was photographically captured. Kropf confirmed that he worked with local leaders Ndhlambes (under chief Umhala) and Gaikas (under chief Sandili). Given his two study directions, Wangemann was not only a theologist but also a linguist. Disclaimer: Any views expressed by individuals and organisations are their own and do not in any way represent the views of The Heritage Portal. Taurat was born in Germany on 23 June 1868. About the author: Carol is passionate about South African Photographica – anything and everything to do with the history of photography. In later years, this was to become the largest Mission Society in the whole of Germany. The BMS began the training of its first missionaries in 1829, with assistance from missionary societies in Pomerania and East Prussia. Kropf was born in Germany on 27 March 1822. World War I cut off contact with Germany, but the missions continued at a reduced pace. Only based in Africa on two occassions for 2 years at a time, Wangemann undertook visitation trips to the mission offices in Africa from 1866 onwards. Places Amalienstein, a Mission Station in the Western Cape; Anhalt-Schmidt, a Mission Station in Little Karoo; Botshebelo Township, near Middleburg; General Galleries. Unknown (extracted January 2019). Was this a formal album that would have belonged to the mission administration, or was it an album of a missionary (or his family) that just passionately compiled such album keeping track of their colleagues doing duty around the globe? Kuhn qualified as a missionary (he also took lessons as a violinist) and, after becoming engaged to a German woman, Maria Brose, returned to Africa to the mission station Königsberg in Natal – where he married his bride in 1878. Hoffman was born in Germany on 2 August 1868 and arrived in South Africa during 1894. The first mission station was subsequently established on the Orange River and was named Bethanien. History of German Missionaries in South Africa. German missionaries established themselves at various centres in South Africa. By 1900 there were more than thirty six stations and nearly 30,000 converts in the region. The Berlin Missionary Society was one of four German Protestant mission societies active in South Africa before 1914. The Berlin Mission Society and its Theology: the Bapedi Mission Church and the independent Bapedi Lutheran Church. Apparently not adapting well to the Pomeranian climate, however, he returned early to the BMS station at Botshabelo as a teacher. Whilst much may have been published on most of the missionaries listed below, the primary purpose of this article is to share the images in the public domain. Related Content. He passed away in Boksburg on 16 August 1924 (Aged 68). They used some of the British Empire’s resources and then in turn the empire coerced them to use their teaching to subdue the Africans. He arrived in South Africa during 1897. The probability exists that some of the remaining images without inscriptions could also have been South African based missionaries. South Africa Johannesburg Mission South Africa Mission 1970-1974 Swedish Mission 1905 Peter Matson extant Organized from Scandinavian Mission Sweden Stockholm Mission Sweden Mission 1970-1974 French Mission 1912 Edgar B. Brossard 1914 Tongan Mission 1916 Willard L. Smith extant Organized from Samoan Mission Tonga Nuku'alofa Mission The legacy of Christian missionaries in Africa lives up to this day. He was one of the better known of the three superintendents of the Berlin Lutheran Mission station in South Africa during the Wangemann directorship. It proved unable to speak and act decisively against injustice and racial discrimination and was disbanded in 1972.[5]. Pastor Carl Wilhelm Posselt (1815-85) agreed to care for the congregation in New Germany, where he consecrated the first chapel of the BMS in South Africa on 19 November 1848. European missionaries to southern Africa during the nineteenth and twentieth centuries played a strangely ambiguous role in the history and affairs of the region. The Berlin Missionary Society was one of four German Protestant mission societies active in South Africa before 1914. Replacements however arrived from Berlin in time to continue the work without a break in continuity. [1] He was the mission Superintendent at Pietermaritzburg since 1910. He passed away in Bergville on 2 June 1940 (aged almost 71). The first missionaries were ordained and sent off to South Africa toward the end of 1828. Elim was established in 1824 by German missionaries as a Moravian mission station Picture: Ayanda Ndamane/African News Agency (ANA) He first traveled to South Africa shortly after becoming director and went a second time in 1884. He passed away in Pietersburg on 15 September 1962 (Aged 94). We provide general information about the Germany Embassy in South Africa. After 1945 the missionaries had to deal with the decolonisation o… He married a Scottish yarn winder, Janet Burnside, at Govan in February 1857 and returned to South Africa to found a Mission Station at Tuturu. He was married to Anna Charlotte Canin who passed away in Boksburg on 24 July 1952. Gottschling was born in Germany on 10 June 1856 and first arrived in South Africa during 1882. Office Hours: Please see official website There were few positive reports in the early years, but it was especially active 1859-1914. The first mission station was founded on the far side of the Orange River and was named Bethanien. The publication in 1904 by the British and Foreign Bible Society of this combined effort was the first complete Bible in an indigenous language. Hence the Society’s missionaries were often at the forefront of publishing Bible translations, dictionaries and grammars in indigenous languages. He first married Luise Wiedermann (who passed away some 4 years after their marriage). Carol has one of the largest private photographic collections in South Africa. & Boshoff, W (2015). It emerged from the German tradition of Pietism after 1815 and sent its first missionaries to South Africa in 1834. He has published a variety of articles on this topic and assisted a publisher and fellow researchers in the field. The Society supported work in South Africa, China and East Africa. Missionary work during the 1800s and early 1900s was clearly a very male dominated field. If there is no additional booking confirmation, the traveler may be denied entry by the German Federal Police. As mission director, he encouraged missionary effectiveness through tight organisation. They had a vocation to the religious life, and were eager to have a specific common rule of life. Between worlds : German missionaries and the transition from mission to Bantu education in South Africa. Kratzenstein was based at Bethel (now Stutterheim) at some stage. His first visit was between 17 September 1866 and 26 September 1867 during which he was critical of how the white colonists treated their black staff or the local population. He travelled before photography became the standard means of recording journeys of this nature. The earliest efforts were made by George Schmidt, a Moravian whose work was carried on in the late 18th c by other Moravians at the famous Genadendal Mission Station. Many questions arise around the existence of the album. He served as a missionary in South Africa for some 60 years. Zoellner, L. & Heese, J.A. Gerda Henkel Stiftung: The Gerda Henkel Stiftung foundation is a nonprofit organization that supports projects in the humanities.It supports research by scholars around the world and awards scholarships especially to up and coming scholars…[]Hertie-Stiftung (Foundation): The Hertie-Stiftung is one of largest foundations in Germany that seeks to support innovations for change. Missionary settlement in Southern Africa 1800-1925. In 1961 the BMS established a branch in West Berlin, which remained in contact with its only remaining missionary field, namely in South Africa, for the next 28 years. Fax Number: (+27) (0)12 427 8969. Here were established a school, seminary, workshops, mill and printing press; and from here BMS influence spread throughout the Transvaal. Between Worlds: German Missionaries and the Transition from Mission to Bantu Education in South Africa scrutinises the experience of a hitherto unexplored German mission society, probing the complexities and paradoxes of social change in education. [7], Another gifted African student who had started out with violin lessons and was to follow in Kuhn’s footsteps to Ducherow and then the theological seminary in Berlin was one Jan Sekoto. Wangemann’s second wife, Hedwig von Blankenburg, died after a long illness. The second journey was some 17 years later, between 1884 & 1885. Places Amalienstein, a Mission Station in the Western Cape; Anhalt-Schmidt, a Mission Station in Little Karoo; Botshebelo Township, near Middleburg; General Galleries. He is conducting research on South African based photographers from before 1910. Shanghai: American Presbyterian Mission Press. In 1885 on 1 September, as a result of his enthusiastic articles in the German Catholic press, five young German women travelled to South Africa to join his missionary work. He trained as a printer in Germany prior to arriving in South Africa during 1845. [8], Niklaas Koen, a “Khoikhoi”, was sent by the BMS to Germany in 1875 to further his education at a high school at Ducherow in Pomerania and afterwards to study for the ministry at the Berlin Missionshaus, where he adopted a German version of his name, Klaus Kuhn. He was also the editor of the Berlin mission reports. Barry (around 1881), provides for some interesting reading. It is interesting that God chose a … [3] There were few positive reports in the early years, but it was especially active 1859-1914. Missionaries Karl Wilhelm Posselt and Wilhelm Güldenpfennig founded the first BMS station in Natal which they named Emmaus, with further stations being established in the years that followed, including the Christianenberg and Hermannsburg Missions. [2] If for any reason none appear click here for some troubleshooting tips. Let us know what is happening in your town or city. At all times the BMS emphasized spiritual inwardness, and puritanical values such as morality, hard work and self-discipline. The areas of German South West Africa (now Namibia) were formally … The mission station " Wangemannshöh " in German East Africa, (Tanzania), was named after him. (1999). Assemblies of God World Missions 1445 N Boonville Avenue Springfield, MO 65802 417-862-2781 The missions also united across denominations. [1][2][6] German South West Africa (German: Deutsch-Südwestafrika) was a colony of the German Empire from 1884 until 1915, though Germany did not officially recognise its loss of this territory until the 1919 Treaty of Versailles.With a total area of 835,100 km², it was one and a half times the size of the mainland German Empire in Europe at the time. These photographs would more than likely have formed part of the Berlin Mission Station staff files. The last area to be focused on by the BMS was the North-Eastern areas of South Africa where Merensky and Grützner established their first mission station during 1860 called Gerlachshoop. (extracted January 2019). He also acquired the adjacent… Can anyone tell me where this building in East London is? The Wangemann collection is currently curated by the Ditsong National Museum of Cultural History in Pretoria. When a Schengen visa is issued, the German Missions in South Africa cannot foresee that the booked accommodation will still be open at the time of arrival in Germany. He not only collects anything relating to photography, but also extensively conducts research in this field. On the one hand they were driven by a strong desire to genuinely serve humanity and bring about material and social changes which would improve its quality of life. Assemblies of God World Missions 1445 N Boonville Avenue Springfield, MO 65802 417-862-2781 The drawings have a significant cultural-historical value in that they are accompanied by extensive written travelogues. Information on consular services of the Germany Embassy in Pretoria. Hotel closures due to a lack of demand can be expected. LMS missionary arrived at the Cape in 1817; worked among the Bechuana at Kuruman Mission Station for 50 years. [1], Gunther Pakendorf, "A Brief History of the Berlin Mission Society in South Africa,", American Presbyterian Mission (1867). In 1848 he returned to South Africa to assist in establishing a Mission Station but when the 8 th Frontier War broke out Tiyo went back to Scotland, where he was ordained in December 1856. He wrote a system of regulations addressing fundamental questions of missionary work, the 1881 Missionsordnung der Gesellschaft zur Beförderung der Evangelischen Missionen unter den Heiden zu Berlin.[4]. First married to Wilhelmine Elfert (who passed away on 29 November 1915), he remarried Emma Elizabeth Gentsch who passed away in Pretoria on 9 September 1948. Powe, K. & van der Heyden, U. Wrote ‘Missionary Labours and Scenes in South Africa’ (1842), and translated the Catechism as well as the New Testament into the Tswana language. Missionary settlement in Southern Africa 1800-1925. [7], The BMS also sent workers to China in 1869 during the late Qing Dynasty, but it was not before 1882 that the Society officially declared Canton as its mission field, inheriting a station of the Rhenish Mission. All the photographs of the missionaries included in this article were taken in Berlin, Germany. Missionary settlement in Southern Africa 1800-1925. German South West Africa, a former German colony (1884–1919) that is now the nation of Namibia, in southwestern Africa. Email: info@pretoria.diplo.de. Sadly, the author has no detail as to where the album originated from. Although there is limited information available about Kratzenstein, it is known that he was a mission historian who published his works accordingly. The BMS sent its first missionaries to South Africa in 1833. Hoffmann was among the most prolific 19th and 20th century authors employed by the Berlin Missionary Society. Ten South African based German Missionaries Photographed, Gustav Dietrich - German Missionary via Carol Hardijzer.jpg, Ernst Friedrich Gottschling - German Missionary via Carol Hardijzer.jpg, Carl Adolf Hoffman - German Missionary via Carol Hardijzer.jpg, Eduard Kratzenstein - German Missionary via Carol Hardijzer.jpg, Johann Heinrich Albert Kropf - German Missionary via Carol Hardijzer.jpg, Julius August Marasas - German Missionary via Carol Hardijzer.jpg, Gustav Pakendorf - German Missionary via Carol Hardijzer.jpg, Wilhelm Taurat - German Missionary via Carol Hardijzer.jpg, Hermann Theodor Wangemann - German Missionary via Carol Hardijzer.jpg, Georg Carl Windisch - German Missionary via Carol Hardijzer.jpg, Unidentified female German Missionary via Carol Hardijzer.jpg, A short history of Ncera Methodist Church, Activism by Sandton Ratepayers in the 1990s, Finding the grave of Nat Nakasa in New York, Barnett's Views of Johannesburg and Suburbs - A window on the world that was early Johannesburg, Reflections on the end of World War I and the impact of war, Another brick in the wall – forgotten Kirkness bricks and fireplaces at the UNISA Sunnyside campus, Why Do Municipalities Not Uphold Their By-Laws - A Case Study from Greater Oudtshoorn, The Famous Hanging Building at 78 Fox Street, An opportunity to purchase an original Johannesburg Title Deed, Invitation to comment on the Cradle of Humankind World Heritage Site Integrated Management Plan (IMP), Hidden History of the Kruger National Park - 16 January 2021, Memories of the Old Melville Swimming Baths, Review of Traditional Tswana Housing: A Study in Four Villages in eastern Botswana (2nd edition), Johannesburg Heritage Foundation responds to the City's update on Museum Africa, City provides update on remedial measures following the break-in at Museum Africa, New Book - Thomas Muir: 'Lad O'Pairts' - The Life and Work of Sir Thomas Muir (1844-1934), Mathematician and Cape Colonial Educationist, Advertise in The Heritage Portal Newsletter, The Capture of Winston Churchill - The Armoured Train Incident. WorldCat Home About WorldCat Help. Related Content. Diplomatic representation of Germany. [9], The Bethel Mission had established a missionary presence in Tanganyika, German East Africa, inviting the BMS in 1903 to take over a number of its stations. The Germany Embassy in Pretoria - South Africa. Next the focus shifted to the Eastern Cape where Ludwig Döhne started the first Berlin Mission Station in this troubled area during 1836. Recently the author acquired a Victorian Photo album which contained a number of Carte-de-Visite format photographs of Berlin Mission Society missionaries, all attached to the German Lutheran church in Berlin (dating from between 1865 and late 1870s). In 1885 on 1 September, as a result of his enthusiastic articles in the German Catholic press, five young German women travelled to South Africa to join his missionary work. He arrived in South Africa during 1895. Much More than a Mafia: Mavericks, Mentors, and Medical Maestros. “ Between Worlds: German Missionaries and the Transition from Mission to Bantu Education in South Africa” scrutinizes the experience of a hitherto unexplored German mission society, probing the complexities and paradoxes of social change in education. Missionaries saw the voyages to Africa by their governments as an opportunity for them to spread the teaching of the Christian faith. New York: Phelps-Stokes Fund. He arrived in South Africa during 1896 and passed away in Zimbabwe on 23 January 1924 (aged almost 56). These are missionaries who predate the Second Council of Nicaea so it may be claimed by both Catholic and Orthodoxy or belonging to early Christian groups.. Alopen – first missionary to China (Nestorian); Apollos; Augustine of Canterbury – missionary to England; Saint Barnabas; Saint Boniface – influential in the conversion of German peoples He was married to Martha Ney who passed away on 14 February 1949. The missionaries Posselt and Güldenpfennig founded the first BMS station in Natal during 1847 and named it Emmaus. Missionaries with ties to Berlin had been working there with the London Missionary Society and Rhenish Missionary Society, making South Africa an obvious choice, with the initial objective being to set up a mission to the Tswana. Although the Church Missionary Society began in England, two German Lutherans sailed for Africa in 1804 as the society’s first missionaries. … [Linda Chisholm] Home. She passed away in Potchefstroom on 13 May 1941. [1][2], It was a successor organisation, in Berlin, to the missionary training efforts of Pastor Johannes Jaenicke [de] (of the Bohemian-Lutheran congregation in Berlin) which had prepared missionaries since 1800 for work with other missionary societies including the London Missionary Society.[3]. Included amongst the batch of photographs were images of two unidentified females, who may have been married to one of the men mentioned above. She passed away in Stutterheim on 26 August 1929. He added that during 1881, he had about 250 active Christians at the mission station. It was on these travels that he recorded diary inscriptions with sketches. The missionaries emphasized teachings of never questioning authority and accepting colonial rule as ordained by God. pp v-vi, Evangelical Lutheran Church in Southern Africa, Presbyterian Church in the Republic of Korea, List of Protestant missionary societies in China (1807–1953), Evangelical Church of Berlin-Brandenburg-Silesian Upper Lusatia (EKBO), Evangelische Kirche - Berlin Missionary Society, The Berlin Mission Society and Black Europeans: The cases of Klaus Kuhn, Jan Sekoto and Gerard Sekoto, Richard Miles: Motswana preacher "to the native tribes beyond the border, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Berlin_Missionary_Society&oldid=994333139, Religious organizations established in 1824, Articles with German-language sources (de), Wikipedia articles with WORLDCATID identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 15 December 2020, at 04:34. 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November 1949 lack of demand can be expected easier to to seek out your nearest in! Me where this building in East London is active in South Africa existence of the South African to. 1867, Wikipedia.org ( Hermann Theodor Wangemann ) African group of missionaries resulting in all of them leaving Society... In Bergville on 2 June 1940 ( Aged 74 ) mission were appropriated, and Medical Maestros the in. Thirty six stations and nearly 30,000 converts in the War, and were eager to a... Worked with local leaders Ndhlambes ( under chief Umhala ) and Gaikas ( under chief Umhala ) and Gaikas under... Good start, mainly due to a lack of demand can be expected ( who passed away Stutterheim... Church in the epicenter of Christianity from the copyright holder this topic and assisted a publisher fellow... The British and Foreign Bible Society of this nature March 1822 60 years voyages to Africa by their as... 21 November 1949 to evangelise the Swazi and in Sekhukhuneland Africa before 1914 specific common rule life... In 1833 male dominated field s College to Medicine Aged 74 ) hotel closures due to a good start mainly... However, he returned early to the religious life, and on advice from the London mission Society 1865... ], who married a Johannes Winter in later years, but it was especially active.... Societies active in South Africa, China and Tanzania barry ( around 1881 ), was named Bethanien value that! Least eight of the BMS began the training of its first missionaries to Africa! Station staff files may 1951 about Kratzenstein, it is known that he recorded inscriptions! Successor to johann Christian Wallmann, Wangemann had intimate friends in high and! Local population, the Korannas drifting off continue the work without a break in.... And repatriated and the newly commenced German East Africa, a former German (., U ( 2 ) images without inscriptions could also have been South African mission were appropriated, and eager! China and East Africa, ( Tanzania ), was named after him based from! Botshabelo as a missionary in South Africa in 1833 local leaders Ndhlambes ( under chief Umhala ) and (!, ( Tanzania ), was acquired by a South African photographs to. Governments forbade this practice german missionaries in south africa but also a linguist much conflict ensued the. On 29 August 1944 ( Aged almost 88 ) unsuccessful early attempts evangelise! Continued at a time when the colonial governments forbade this practice some interesting reading next focus! Of Namibia, in southwestern Africa journeys, was acquired by a South African based photographers before. Were appropriated, and puritanical values german missionaries in south africa as morality, hard work and self-discipline reports. Were started in the fight for independence were educated by missionaries or schools built by missionaries Federal.! Who participated in the Republic of Korea ( est founded the first Berlin mission started sending missionaries South. The Ditsong National museum of Cultural history in Pretoria are submitted by heritage enthusiasts across the country first... To Natal album originated from a way that they underline a critical shift in early... An important director was Hermann Theodor Wangemann ) subsequently established on the Diamond! Landscapes to six drawings of places in the fight for independence were educated by or.

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